Training Program

Sleeve Gastrectomy


Sleeve gastrectomy is also widely known as vertical sleeve gastrectomy which is basically a surgical procedure used for weight loss. This procedure is performed with advanced laparoscopic technique which is far more safer and effective. In laparoscopic surgery, a small tube that has a camera attached to its one end is used in order to see the organs inside on a huge monitor screen. This helps in visualizing the organs and guide the surgeon so that the surgery can be performed meticulously without any complications. Laparoscopic surgery has a lot of benefits as compared to open surgery; it is less risky, leaves less scars, is less painful and has a shorter hospital stay. Further, it helps in limiting the size of the stomach and restricts 80% of the stomach size leaving a small tube like section. As a result, the individual is able to consume less food that helps in weight loss. Also, this type of procedure from hormonal changes that helps in weight loss along with maintaining blood sugar level and high blood pressure.

Why is it required?

Sleeve gastrectomy as mentioned earlier is used as an effective weight loss solution for obese individuals. It is widely used for its health benefits as it helps in reducing potential life threatening risk and other health related problems such as

  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • High cholesterol
  • Heart diseases
  • Stroke
  • Cancer
  • Infertility
  • Obstructive sleep apnea

Risk factors:

Generally, any major surgery has potential risk associated with it. Similarly, sleeve gastrectomy also has some potential health risks in both short term and long term. Usually, most of the risk and complications can be controlled and rarely any complication can be fatal. Some potential risks associated with sleeve gastrectomy may include:

  • Excessive bleeding
  • Vomiting
  • Hernias
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Adverse reaction to anesthesia
  • Lung infections
  • Breathing issue
  • Leakage in gastrointestinal tract
  • Gastrointestinal obstruction
  • Vomiting
  • Malnutrition
  • Hypoglycemia

What to expect?

The surgery is planned depending upon the condition and individual situation of the patient. The surgeon first evaluates all the vitals including the blood pressure, the condition of heart, normal breathing of the patient before going for the surgery. Earlier, sleeve gastrectomy was done traditionally with a large incision in the abdomen which was quite risky. But today it is performed laparoscopically that involves smaller incisions and is far more safer than traditional methods. Firstly, general anesthesia is given so that the patient is asleep during the surgery. Then the surgeon creates a narrow sleeve by stapling the stomach vertically by removing the larger curved part of the stomach. This creates a smaller tube-like structure stomach that stores less food. The sleeve gastrectomy surgery usually takes around 1 to 2 hours and the patient is kept under observation for 1-2 days depending upon the condition of the patient.

Side effects:

Generally there are no severe side effects of sleeve gastrectomy surgery but one may experience few changes in the body due to rapid weight loss. Some of the side effects of changes may include:

  • Dry skin
  • Hair thinning
  • Hair loss
  • Fatigue
  • Body aches
  • Dizziness
  • Mood changes
  • Feeling cold
  • Vomiting
  • Changes in bowel movement