Gall Bladder & Bile Duct Diseases
Some of the gallbladder diseases are very common such as gallstones, inflammation, infection and blockages of the gallbladder. Gallbladder is basically a sack-like structure which is located just below the liver. The main function of gallbladder is to store and concentrate bile juices produced in the liver that helps in digestion of fats.
Some of the common gallbladder disease may include:
Gallstone is one of the most common gallbladder diseases. Stones are developed when substances such as cholesterol, bile salts, calcium and bilirubin form hard particles that block the passage of the gallbladder due to which the gallbladder doesn't empty completely and loses its function. People who are overweight, have diabetes, have family history of gallstones, have crohn's disease, cirrhosis and are older in age are usually at a greater risk of having gallstones.
Cholecystitis is basically a type of gallbladder disease that is caused due to acute or chronic inflammation of the gallbladder. Generally, cholecystitis is caused due to gallstones and may result in other health related problems as well. People who suffer from this condition usually experience a lot of pain in the upper right side of the abdomen that may even radiate to other areas. One may also experience vomiting nausea, jaundice and fever as warning signs or symptoms of this disease. Whereas chronic cholecystitis is caused by severe attacks of acute cholecystitis that causes the gallbladder to shrink due to which it loses its function to store and release the bile. Waŕning signs of this condition usually include nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting etc And individuals suffering from it may even require surgery as a treatment.
Acalculous gallbladder disease
Acalculous gallbladder disease is a condition that causes inflammation of the gallbladder caused due to presence of gallstones. People who suffer from chronic illness and severe medical conditions are at greater risk of having this condition. People who have several physical trauma, heart surgery, severe burns, abdominal surgery, autoimmune disorder such as lupus, and bloodstream infections are usually at a greater risk of having acalculous gallbladder disease.
Gallbladder cancer is usually a rare disease but people who suffer from liver cancer may also suffer gallbladder cancer in later stages. Untreated gallstones are usually a common risk factor for gallbladder cancer. Gallbladder cancer in many cases spreads to inner walls of the gallbladder to the outer layer spreading on to the liver lymph nodes and other organs which is also known as metastasis of gallbladder cancer.
Bile duct diseases
Liver is responsible for making digestive juices known as bile, this is the. stored by the gallbladder. Then the bile juice is pushed to the bile duct which is required to carry it to the small intestine for breaking down fats. There are several conditions that block the passage of bile ducts which ultimately causes problems in flow of the bile. Gallstones usually cause a lot of pressure in the gallbladder that obstructs the flow of bile to the bile duct. Other conditions such as cancer, severe infection, birth defects such as biliary atresia and inflammation scarring usually cause gallbladder disease.