Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancers affecting females and is quite rare in males. It originates from the cells and tissues that make up the breasts and can affect any part of it. Breast cancer can metastasize to other areas of the body, resulting in the development of secondary cancer. It is most commonly seen in women who are above 50 years of age, however, younger women can develop it too.
What causes breast cancer?
Breast cancer is caused by the rapid and uncontrollable multiplication of the breast cells owing to certain abnormal changes in their DNA. The exact cause of these changes is not known, however, they are believed to be linked with any of the following:
- Being a female
- Personal medical history of a condition involving the breasts
- Personal history of breast cancer
- Family history of the malignancy
- Exposure to harmful radiations
- Being obese or overweight
- Early onset of periods
- Delayed menopause
- Undergoing postmenopausal hormone therapy
What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
- An unusual lump or growth in & around the breast
- Abnormal thickening in the breast
- Unexplained change in the shape and size of the breast
- Changes in the skin over the breast
- Inverted nipple
- Peeling or crusting of skin on the nipple
- Unexplained redness and inflammation .